History of the Recommendations

The ICMJE has produced multiple editions of this document, previously known as the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URMs). The URM was first published in 1978 as a way of standardizing manuscript format and preparation across journals. Over the years, issues in publishing that went well beyond manuscript preparation arose, resulting in development of a number of Separate Statements on editorial policy. The entire Uniform Requirements document was revised in 1997; sections were updated in May 1999 and May 2000. In May 2001, the ICMJE revised the sections related to potential conflicts of interest. In 2003, the committee revised and reorganized the entire document and incorporated the Separate Statements into the text, and revised it again in 2010. Previous versions of this document can be found in the "Archives" section of www.icmje.org. Now renamed “Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals” (ICMJE Recommendations), the document was revised in 2013, 2014, 2015 and the current version in 2016.

Next: Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors (in Roles & Responsibilities)